Written by Gaby Burt-D’Agnillo, BSc Nutrition Candidate
Reviewed by Andrea Miller MHSc, RD
May is Food Allergy Awareness Month in Canada. To raise awareness and educate the public, let’s talk about food allergies, symptoms, and common food allergens in Canada.
Food Allergy vs Food Intolerance
Food allergies are caused by a reaction of the body’s immune system to a specific food or food component, known as an allergen. If you have an allergy, your immune system is hypersensitive to a particular allergen and releases antibodies called immunoglobulins causing an allergic reaction. Food intolerances are also characterized by an abnormal response to a food product, but differ from food allergies as they do not involve antibodies and symptoms may not be as severe. Lactose intolerance is an example of a food intolerance.